CCNA R&S

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CCNA Routing & Switching

Introduction

For network engineers who need to increase their value to employers and stay current with advances in networking knowledge and skills, the cisco CCNA routing and switching certification program provides the education and training required for installing, monitoring, and troubleshooting network infrastructure products designed by the industry leader in IP networking.

The CCNA R&S certification validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size routed and switched networks. CCNA certified professionals have the knowledge and skills to make connections to remote sites via a WAN, and mitigate basic security threats. CCNA R&S training covers (but is not limited to) the use of these topics: IOS, IPv6, IPv4, OSPF, Cisco Licensing, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), Serial Line Interfaces, Frame Relay interfaces VLANs, Ethernet, VLSM, and basic traffic filtering. CCNA Routing and Switching certifications are valid for three years. The 200-125 CCNA exam is the composite exam associated with the CCNA Routing and Switching . This exam tests a candidate's knowledge and skills required to install, operate, and troubleshoot a small to medium-size enterprise branch network. The topics include all the areas covered under the 200-125 CCNA exam.

Course Highlights

This 40 day (Weekdays - 3hrs.) OR 12-week (Sunday/Saturday) instructor led CCNA course is designed to provide professionals with extensive networking knowledge to accomplish their day to day job and CCNA certifications. The key to a high success rate is based on the program’s objectives as follows:

  • Course contents are based on CISCO guidelines
  • Dedicated Monitoring to evaluate candidates’ progress
  • Extensive hands-on lab exercises
  • Regular evaluation
  • Industry Experienced Certified instructors
  • The CCNA module is designed to meet the objective of the CCNA program.
  • The course is customized keeping in mind the ultimate aim of achieving technology expertise and CCNA certification.
  • Assigned project manager will manage this program and drive the program from its registration stage to monitoring and tracking of the candidates’ performance.
  • Curriculum is based on CISCO course outlines.
  • The Instructor-led certified course is designed for the CCNA candidates with an aim to build theoretical knowledge supplemented by ample hands-on lab exercises.
  • 10 week or 25 days, of intensive training.
  • Courseware includes course kits and other reference material to enable students to prepare for CCNA certification exams.
  • Optimal balance of theory classes and practical labs every week to ensure maximum absorption of technology by participants.
  • Customized tests at the end of course to be attempted by every participant.
  • Stringent passing standards with progress report of each participant.
  • Facility of Lab on cloud available.(based on booking).
  • Repeating of lectures allowed.
Course Objectives

After you complete this course you will be able to:

  • Describe basic networking terminology, and internetworking concepts
  • Identify the major components of a network system, including clients and servers, network interface cards (NICs), internetworking devices, media, and topologies
  • Describe the functions, operations, and primary components of local-area networks (LANs), wide-area networks (WANs), metropolitan-area networks (MANs), storage-area networks (SANs), content networks (CNs), and virtual private networks (VPNs)
  • Describe the major network access methods and outline the key features of each
  • Describe the functions and operations of switching technologies
  • Explain the format and significance of each of the following components to a network system: IP addressing, classes, reserved address space, and subnetting
  • Calculate valid subnetwork addresses and mask values so that user/network requirements are met when given an IP address scheme
  • Explain the purposes of networking addresses, routing protocols, and routed protocols
  • Describe the functions, operations, and primary components of WAN technologies and remote access service
  • Use available configuration tools to establish connectivity to the appropriate network device in order to complete the initial device configuration
  • Build a functional configuration to support the specified network operational requirements, given a network design
  • Use the appropriate show  and debug commands to detect anomalies.
  • Explain how bridging and switching operates
  • Explain the purpose and operations of the Spanning-Tree Protocol
  • Build a functional router configuration to support the specified network operational requirements, given a network design
  • Describe the features and operation of static routing
Course Topics

Following Topics will be covered in  CCNA Course.

Network Fundamentals:

  • Compare and contrast OSI and TCP/IP models
  • Compare and contrast TCP and UDP protocols
  • Describe the impact of infrastructure components in an enterprise network
    • Firewalls
    • Access points
    • Wireless controller
  • Describe the effects of cloud resources on enterprise network architecture
    • Traffic path to internal and external cloud services
    • Virtual services
    • Basic virtual network infrastructure
  • Compare and contrast collapsed core and three-tier architectures
  • Compare and contrast network topologies
    • Star
    • Mesh
    • Hybrid
  • Select the appropriate cabling type based on implementation requirements
  • Apply troubleshooting methodologies to resolve problems
    • Perform and document fault isolation
    • Resolve or escalate
    • Verify and monitor resolution
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and subnetting
  • Compare and contrast IPv4 address types
    • Unicast
    • Broadcast
    • Multicast
  • Describe the need for private IPv4 addressing
  • Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv6 addressing
    • Configure and verify IPv6 Stateless Address Auto Configuration
    • Compare and contrast IPv6 address types
      • Global unicast
      • Unique local
      • Link local
      • Multicast
      • Modified EUI 64
      • Autoconfiguration
      • Anycast

LAN Switching Technologies:

  • Describe and verify switching concepts
    • MAC learning and aging
    • Frame switching
    • Frame flooding
    • MAC address table
    • Interpret Ethernet frame format
  • Troubleshoot interface and cable issues (collisions, errors, duplex, speed)
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs (normal/extended range) spanning multiple switches
    • Access ports (data and voice)
    • Default VLAN
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interswitch connectivity
    • Trunk ports
    • Add and remove VLANs on a trunk
    • DTP, VTP (v1&v2), and 802.1Q
    • Native VLAN
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot STP protocols
    • STP mode (PVST+ and RPVST+)
    • STP root bridge selection
  • Configure, verify and troubleshoot STP related optional features
    • PortFast
    • BPDU guard
  • Configure and verify Layer 2 protocols
    • Cisco Discovery Protocol
    • LLDP
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot (Layer 2/Layer 3) EtherChannel
    • Static
    • PAGP
    • LACP
  • Describe the benefits of switch stacking and chassis aggregation

Routing Technologies:

  • Describe the routing concepts
    • Packet handling along the path through a network
    • Forwarding decision based on route lookup
    • Frame rewrite
  • Interpret the components of a routing table
    • Prefix
    • Network mask
    • Next hop
    • Routing protocol code
    • Administrative distance
    • Metric
    • Gateway of last resort
  • Describe how a routing table is populated by different routing information sources
    • Admin distance
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inter-VLAN routing
    • Router on a stick
    • SVI
  • Compare and contrast static routing and dynamic routing
  • Compare and contrast distance vector and link state routing protocols
  • Compare and contrast interior and exterior routing protocols
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 static routing
    • Default route
    • Network route
    • Host route
    • Floating static
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtuallink, and LSAs)
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv3 for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtuallink, and LSAs)
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPV4(excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution)
  • Troubleshoot basic Layer 3 end-to-end connectivity issues

WAN Technologies:

  • Configure and verify PPP and MLPPP on WAN interfaces using local authentication
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot PPPoE client-side interfaces using local authentication
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot GRE tunnel connectivity
  • Describe WAN topology options
    • Point-to-point
    • Hub and spoke
    • Full mesh
    • Single vs dual-homed
  • Describe WAN access connectivity options
    • MPLS
    • Metro Ethernet
    • Broadband PPPoE
    • Internet VPN (DMVPN, site-to-site VPN, client VPN)
  • Configure and verify single-homed branch connectivity using eBGP IPv4 (limited to peering and route advertisement using Network command only)
  • Describe basic QoS concepts
    • Marking
    • Device trust
    • Prioritization
      • Voice
      • Video
      • Data
    • Shaping
    • Policing
    • Congestion management

Infrastructure Services:

  • Describe DNS lookup operation
  • Troubleshoot client connectivity issues involving DNS
  • Configure and verify DHCP on a router (excluding static reservations)
    • Server
    • Relay
    • Client 5.3.d TFTP, DNS, and gateway options
  • Troubleshoot client- and router-based DHCP connectivity issues
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic HSRP
    • Priority
    • Preemption
    • Version
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inside source NAT
    • Static
    • Pool
    • PAT
  • Configure and verify NTP operating in a client/server mode

Infrastructure Security:

  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot port security
    • Static
    • Dynamic
    • Sticky
    • Max MAC addresses
    • Violation actions
    • Err-disable recovery
  • Describe common access layer threat mitigation techniques
    • 1x
    • DHCP snooping
    • Nondefault native VLAN
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 access list for traffic filtering
    • Standard
    • Extended
    • Named
  • Verify ACLs using the APIC-EM Path Trace ACL Analysis tool
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic device hardening
    • Local authentication
    • Secure password
    • Access to device
      • Source address
      • Telnet/SSH
  • Login banner
  • Describe device security using AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS
    • Login banner
  • Describe device security using AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS

Infrastructure Management:

  • Configure and verify device-monitoring protocols
    • SNMPv2
    • SNMPv3
    • Syslog
  • Troubleshoot network connectivity issues using ICMP echo-based IP SLA
  • Configure and verify device management
    • Backup and restore device configuration
    • Using Cisco Discovery Protocol or LLDP for device discovery
    • Licensing
    • Logging
    • Timezone
    • Loopback
  • Configure and verify initial device configuration
  • Perform device maintenance
    • Cisco IOS upgrades and recovery (SCP, FTP, TFTP, and MD5 verify)
    • Password recovery and configuration register
    • File system management
  • Use Cisco IOS tools to troubleshoot and resolve problems
    • Ping and traceroute with extended option
    • Terminal monitor
    • Log events
    • Local SPAN
  • Describe network programmability in enterprise network architecture
    • Function of a controller
    • Separation of control plane and data plane
    • Northbound and southbound APIs
Lab Topics

Following hands-on labs sessions will be provided to CCNA students.

ROUTER & SWITCH BASICS:

Lab 1. Connecting Devices and Understanding Boot Process

    • Task 1:  Understand various access ports:  Console, AUX and USB ports
    • Task 2:  Connecting Console to access Devices
    • Task 3:  Performing Router /  Switch  Startup Process
    • Task 4:  Understanding System RAM, ROM, and NVRAM
    • Task 5:  Monitoring POST, understanding Bootstrap Program
    • Task 6:  Setting up of Configure-register Values

Lab 2. Performing initial setup and configuration

    • Task 1:  Using System Configuration Dialog to configure a router
    • Task 2:  Understanding various methods to configure a router.
      - CLI, Menu Driven, TFTP, SDM and NMS
    • Task 3:  Understanding Port Types: Physical and Virtual ports
    • Task 4:  Managing Console port and Virtual Ports
    • Task 5:  Gathering basic Router / Switch information
    • Task 6:  Exploring various modes of Cisco Devices

Lab 3. Performing Basic Configuration

    • Task 1:  Performing Initial Configuration CLI Mode
    • Task 2:  Using Help and Editing Features
    • Task 3:  Performing Router Basic Security: Setting passwords, encryptingpassword and password breaking procedure
    • Task 4:  Performing Router and Switch basic configuration
    • Task 5:  Setting Hostname, Banner, Interface Description, Password, IP address, Clock Rate, IP Host, DNS, Domain-Lookup, Date
    • Task 6:  Using management tools like Telnet, SSH, CDP, Ping etc.

Lab 4. Managing and monitoring Cisco IOS

    • Task 1: Understanding and checking Cisco IOS and Versions
    • Task 2: Managing Cisco IOS and Licensing
    • Task 3: Backup and Restore of IOS and configurations

Lab 5. Network Device Management

    • Task 1:  SNMP and Syslog Basic configuration
    • Task 2:  Analysing Netflow Data

Lab 6. Wide Area Networks

    • Task 1:  Configuring and Troubleshooting a Serial Connection
    • Task 2:  Establishing a Frame Relay WAN
    • Task 3:  Establishing a GRE Tunnel
    • Task 4:  Enable PPP & HDLC Encapsulation
    • Task 5:  Troubleshooting IP Connectivity.

 

ROUTING:

Lab 7. Static Route Lab

  • Task 1:  Configuring network using Static Routes
  • Task 2:  Creating Permanent Static Route Entries.
  • Task 3:  Creating Floating Static Route Entries.
  • Task 4:  Understanding Load Balancing using Static Routes
  • Task 5:  Monitoring and Verification of Routing Table
  • Task 6:  Troubleshooting Static Routing issues.

Lab 8. EIGRP Routing Protocol Lab

  • Task 1:  Configure network using EIGRP
  • Task 2:  Verification of EIGRP Interfaces, Neighbor, Topology table
  • Task 3:  Verification of Protocol and its details.
  • Task 4:  Troubleshoot EIGRP Neighbor-ship Issues.

Lab 9. OSPF Routing Protocol Lab

    • Task 1:  Configure network using OSPF
    • Task 2:  Configuring OSPF Neighbors and areas
    • Task 3:  Verification of OSPF Interfaces, Neighbor, LSDB.
    • Task 4:  Verification of Protocol and its details.
    • Task 5:  Troubleshoot OSPF Neighbor-ship Issues
    • Task 6:  Verifying OSPF Operation
    • Task 7:  Verify OSPF DR and BDR Elections

 

SWITCHING:

Lab 10. Configuring Switch Services

    • Task 1:  Configure Catalyst Switches
    • Task 2:  Verify Cisco Catalyst Switches
    • Task 3:  Static VLAN Configuration.
    • Task 4:  VLAN Basic Configuration (VLAN Database / Config Mode)
    • Task 5:  Assigning VLAN Membership.
    • Task 6:  Verification and troubleshooting of VLANs
    • Task 7:  Configuring Static Trunk
    • Task 8:  Managing trunk, Native VLAN, Controlling allowed VLANs
    • Task 9:  Troubleshooting Trunks.
    • Task 10:  Inter-VLAN routing
    • Task 11:  Router on Stick configuration.
    • Task 12:  Configuring verifying and optimizing Trunk.
    • Task 13:  Configuring verifying and optimizing STP

 

CCNA+ LAB TOPICS

Following hands-on labs sessions will be provided to CCNA+ students.

ROUTING:

Lab 1. Connecting to the Internet

    • Task 1:  Configure a DHCP-Obtained IP Address
    • Task 2:  Configure NAT
    • Task 3:  Configure NAT with PAT

Lab 2. Configure Multi-area OSPF

    • Task 1:  Configure Multi-area OSPF
    • Task 2:  Verify Multi-area OSPF

Lab 3. Configure and verify IPv6

    • Task 1:  Enable IPv6 on the Router

Lab 4. Configure and Verify Stateless Auto-configuration

    • Task 1:  Enable Stateless Auto-configuration on the Router

Lab 5. Configure and Verify IPv6 Routing  

    • Task 1:  Enable IPv6 Static Routing
    • Task 2:  Enable IPv6 EIGRP
    • Task 3:  Enable OSPFv3

Lab 6. Configure and a Serial Connection

    • Task 1:  Enable PPP
    • Task 2:  Enable HDLC Encapsulation

Lab 7. Establishing a Frame-Relay WAN

  • Task 1:  Configure and Verify Basic Frame Relay
  • Task 2:  Configure and Verify Frame Relay Sub-interfaces

 

SWITCHING:

Lab 8. Configuring Expanded Switched Network

    • Task 1:  Configure a VLAN
    • Task 2:  Configure the Link between Switches as a Trunk
    • Task 3:  Configure a Trunk Link on the Router

Lab 9. Optimizing STP

    • Task 1:  Verify STP Operation
    • Task 2:  influence Root Bridge Selection
    • Task 3:  Implement STP PortFast and BPDU Guard

Lab 10. Configuring EtherChannel

    • Task 1:  Configure EhterChannel
    • Task 2:  Verify EtherChannel Redundancy

 

SECURITY:

Lab 11. Enhancing the Security of the Initial Configuration

    • Task 1:  Add Password Protection
    • Task 2:  Enable SSH Remote Access
    • Task 3:  Limit Remote Access to Selected Network Addresses
    • Task 4:  Configure a Login Banner

Lab 12. Filtering traffic with ACLs

    • Task 1:  Configure an ACL
    • Task 2:  Troubleshoot an ACL

Lab 13. Device Hardening

    • Task 1:  Disable Unused Ports
    • Task 2:  Configure Port Security on a Switch
    • Task 3:  Disable Unused Services
    • Task 4:  Configure NTP

Lab 14. Configuring DHCP Server

    • Task 1:  Configure DHCP Pools
    • Task 2:  Exclude Specific IP Addresses from DHCP Pools
    • Task 3:  Configure DHCP Relay Agent
    • Task 4:  Manually Assign IP Addresses

Lab 15. Establishing a GRE Tunnel

    • Task 1:  Configure and Verify GRE Tunnel
    • Task 2:  Configure and Verify OSPF over a GRE Tunnel

Lab 16. SNMP and Syslog Basic Configuration

    • Task 1:  Configure Router for SNMP Access
    • Task 2:  Configure Router for Syslog

Lab 17. Analyzing NetFlow Data

    • Task 1:  Analyze NetFlow Data

 

TROUBLESHOOTING:

Lab 18. Troubleshooting IP Connectivity

    • Task 1:  Troubleshoot the Default Route
    • Task 2:  Troubleshoot an ACL
    • Task 3:  Troubleshoot the Default Gateway and Name Resolution
    • Task 4:  Settings

Lab 19. Troubleshooting EIGRP

    • Task 1:  Troubleshoot Basic Connectivity
    • Task 2:  Troubleshooting EIGRP Neighbors
    • Task 3:  Troubleshooting Routing Table Issues

Lab 20. Troubleshooting Multi-area OSPF

    • Task 1:  Troubleshoot OSPF Neighbor Issues
    • Task 2:  Troubleshoot OSPF Routing Table Issues

Lab 21. Troubleshooting a Serial Connection

    • Task 1:  Troubleshoot PPP

Lab 22. Troubleshooting VLAN and Trunks

    • Task 1:  Troubleshoot VLAN Connectivity
    • Task 2:  Troubleshoot Trunk Connectivity between the Switches

 

SUPERLAB:

  • Task 1:  Secure Router and Configure Inter-VLAN Routing
  • Task 2:  Configure Basic Settings, VLANs, and Trunks on Switch
  • Task 3:  Troubleshoot EtherChannel
  • Task 4:  Port Security (Trouble Ticket)
  • Task 5:  Enable SSH Access on Branch Router
  • Task 6:  Configure DHCP Server
  • Task 7:  Stateless Auto-configuration on the PC
  • Task 8:  Configure PPP Encapsulation
  • Task 9:  Configure Dynamic Routing Protocol
  • Task 10:  Configure OSPFv3 Routing Protocol
  • Task 11:  Troubleshoot the IP Access Control List (Trouble Ticket)

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